Quiz for Lesson 251 – 255 – Parts of the Sentence – Adjective Clauses

A complex sentence is made up of an independent clause and a dependent clause. Example: The television was playing (independent clause which can stand alone and make sense) as I left the room (dependent clause which must be attached to the independent clause to make sense). There are three kinds of dependent clauses: adjective clause, adverb clause and noun clause.
The adjective clause is used to modify a noun or a pronoun. It will begin with a relative pronoun (who, whose, whom, which, and that) or a subordinate conjunction (when and where). Those are the only words that can be used to introduce an adjective clause. The introductory word will always rename the word that it follows and modifies except when used with a preposition which will come between the introductory word and the word it renames. Examples: The student whose hand was up gave the wrong answer. Whose hand was up is the adjective clause with whose, the relative pronoun, renaming and modifying student. Jane is a person in whom I can place my confidence. In whom I can place my confidence is the adjective clause with whom, the relative pronoun, with the preposition inbetween it and person, the word that whom renames and
modifies.
Instructions: Find the adjective clause in the following sentences and tell which word it modifies.
1. I like a leader who listens to his men.
2. The dog which I loved dearly was hit by a truck last night.
3. Rulon is a person who takes responsibility well.
4. All individuals who purchased tickets will be admitted.
5. The shirt that you bought me doesn’t fit well.
6. The woman who baked the winning pie is my wife.
7. You called at a time when I was unable to answer.
8. Gayle is the one for whom you are looking.
9. Those who are willing to serve others will be rewarded.
10. One to whom much is given is expected to give much in return.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. who listens to his men modifies leader
2. which I loved dearly modifies dog
3. who takes responsibility well modifies person
4. who purchased tickets modifies individual;
5. that you bought me modifies shirt
6. who baked the winning pie modifies woman
7. when I was unable to answer modifies time
8. for whom you are looking modifies one
9. who are willing to serve others modifies those
10. to whom much is given modifies one

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Lesson 255 – Parts of the Sentence – Adjective Clauses

A complex sentence is made up of an independent clause and a dependent clause. Example: The television was playing (independent clause which can stand alone and make sense) as I left the room (dependent clause which must be attached to the independent clause to make sense). There are three kinds of dependent clauses: adjective clause, adverb clause and noun clause.
The adjective clause is used to modify a noun or a pronoun. It will begin with a relative pronoun (who, whose, whom, which, and that) or a subordinate conjunction (when and where). Those are the only words that can be used to introduce an adjective clause. The introductory word will always rename the word that it follows and modifies except when used with a preposition which will come between the introductory word and the word it renames. Examples: The student whose hand was up gave the wrong answer. Whose hand was up is the adjective clause with whose, the relative pronoun, renaming and modifying student. Jane is a person in whom I can place my confidence. In whom I can place my confidence is the adjective clause with whom, the relative pronoun, with the preposition inbetween it and person, the word that whom renames and modifies.
Instructions: Find the adjective clause in the following sentences and tell which word it modifies.
1. This is a matter about which there was much discussion.
2. It is the man on your left who will be the next principal.
3. The car whose license plate I could not read sped quickly away.
4. Did you find the opening where the sheep got through?
5. The man whom you admire greatly will be the next speaker.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. about which there was much discussion modifies matter
2. who will be the next principal modifies man (prepositional phrase again separating the word renamed)
3. whose license plate I could not read modifies car
4. where the sheep got through modifies opening
5. whom you admire greatly modifies man

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in eBook and Workbook format.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog
http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2017/09/lesson-255-parts-of-sentence-adjective.html

Lesson 251 – Parts of the Sentence – Adjective Clauses

A complex sentence is made up of an independent clause and a dependent clause. Example: The television was playing (independent clause which can stand alone and make sense) as I left the room (dependent clause which must be attached to the independent clause to make sense). There are three kinds of dependent clauses: adjective clause, adverb clause and noun clause.
The adjective clause is used to modify a noun or a pronoun. It will begin with a relative pronoun (who, whose, whom, which, and that) or a subordinate conjunction (when and where). Those are the only words that can be used to introduce an adjective clause. The introductory word will always rename the word that it follows and modifies except when used with a preposition which will come between the introductory word and the word it renames. Examples: The student whose hand was up gave the wrong answer. Whose hand was up is the adjective clause with whose, the relative pronoun, renaming and modifying student. Jane is a person in whom I can place my confidence. In whom I can place my confidence is the adjective clause with whom, the relative pronoun, with the preposition inbetween it and person, the word that whom renames and modifies.
Instructions: Find the adjective clause in the following sentences and tell which word it modifies.
1. I play a kind of music that nobody likes.
2. The man whom you saw was not the famous actor.
3. I remember the day when I took my first airplane ride.
4. I have a neighbor whose parents live in Australia.
5. The hint that I learned about cleaning the walk saved me much work.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. that nobody likes modifies either music or kind (a prepositional phrase can separate the introductory word from the word it modifies)
2. whom you saw modifies man
3. when I took my first airplane ride modifies day
4. whose parents live in Australia modifies neighbor
5. that I learned about cleaning the walk modifies hint

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog
http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2017/08/lesson-251-parts-of-sentence-adjective.html

Quiz for Lessons 246 – 250 – Parts of the Sentence – Compound Sentences

Instructions: Tell whether the words in quotation marks are independent clauses, dependent clauses, prepositional phrases, participial phrases, gerund phrases, or infinitive phrases.
1. Do not leave for help “until I signal you.”
2. “Here are the plants” that you wanted.
3. I remained “staring at the damage” when help arrived.
4. “Having learned the outcome,” I was at a loss “to know what to do.”
5. The neighbors stared “at me” in unbelief.
Instructions: Combine the following sentences with the appropriate co-ordinate conjunctions.
6. I turned on my radio. There was no sound.
7. The storm had ended. The sun peeked out from the clouds.
8. I did not attend the meeting. John didn’t either.
9. You must leave soon. You will be late for class.
10. A phrase has neither a verb nor a subject. The clause has both.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. until I signal you = dependent clause
2. Here are the plants = independent clause
3. staring at the damage = participial phrase
4. Having learned the outcome = participial phrase, to know what to do = infinitive phrase
5. at me = prepositional phrase
6. I turned on the radio, but there was no sound.
7. The storm had ended, and the sun peeked out from the clouds.
8. I did not attend the meeting, nor did John.
9. You must leave soon, or you will be late for class.
10. A phrase has neither a verb nor a subject, but the clause has both.

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from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog
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Lesson 250 – Parts of the Sentence – Compound Sentences

A clause is a group of words having a subject and a verb. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. A dependent clause is always used as some part of speech. It can be an adjective, adverb, or noun. It cannot stand alone as a sentence.
A phrase is a group of words used as a sentence part. It does not have a subject and a verb. It can be a noun, adjective or adverb. We have studied the following phrases: prepositional, gerund, participial, and infinitive.
A compound sentence combines two or more independent clauses. Commas separate the clauses of a compound sentence. (A short sentence joined by andis sometimes combined without a comma.) Example: She talks and he listens. A semicolon can take the place of the conjunction and comma. Only clauses closely related in thought should be joined to make a compound sentence.
Instructions: Tell whether the words in quotation marks are independent clauses, dependent clauses, prepositional phrases, participial phrases, gerund phrases, or infinitive phrases.
1. “When I received the email,” I knew it was “not to be opened.”
2. When you go to the store, “buy some ice cream and cookies.”
3. The vase must have been broken “by the grandchildren.”
4. “Having been left alone,” the boy jumped at every noise.
5. “Planning a successful wedding” requires lots of work.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. When I received the email = dependent clause, not to be opened = infinitive phrase
2. buy some ice cream and cookies = independent clause
3. by the grandchildren = prepositional phrase
4. Having been left alone = participial phrase
5. Planning a successful wedding = gerund phrase

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog
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Lesson 249 – Parts of the Sentence – Compound Sentences

A clause is a group of words having a subject and a verb. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. A dependent clause is always used as some part of speech. It can be an adjective, adverb, or noun. It cannot stand alone as a sentence.
A phrase is a group of words used as a sentence part. It does not have a subject and a verb. It can be a noun, adjective or adverb. We have studied the following phrases: prepositional, gerund, participial, and infinitive.
A compound sentence combines two or more independent clauses. Commas separate the clauses of a compound sentence. (A short sentence joined by andis sometimes combined without a comma.) Example: She talks and he listens. A semicolon can take the place of the conjunction and comma. Only clauses closely related in thought should be joined to make a compound sentence.
The conjunction should express the proper relationship between the clauses. Andjoins ideas of equal importance. Or joins clauses that express alternatives. Nor joins negative ideas together. But joins clauses that express contrasting ideas.
Do not confuse a compound sentence with a simple sentence having compound parts. Both sides of the conjunction will make sense in a compound sentence. Example: Mother baked a cake / and / I frosted it.
Instructions: Tell whether the following sentences are compound sentences or not. If they are not, tell which compound part they are.
1. The girl just sat there but said nothing.
2. I looked for the book, but I could not find it.
3. Jeff must have arrived safely, or we would have been notified.
4. One of my friends and his dad have flown to Brazil.
5. Everyone was playing or swimming in the pool.
6. Suddenly the rain poured down, and the party was ruined.
7. We will vacation in the Black Hills or at Waterton.
8. I haven’t heard from Becky, nor do I expect a call soon.
9. I climbed the tree and looked in the bird’s nest.
10. She planned to read the letter, but it could not be found.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. compound verb
2. compound sentence
3. compound sentence
4. compound subject
5. compound verb
6. compound sentence
7. compound object of the preposition
8. compound sentence
9. compound verb
10. compound sentence

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog
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Lesson 248 – Parts of the Sentence – Compound Sentences

A clause is a group of words having a subject and a verb. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. A dependent clause is always used as some part of speech. It can be an adjective, adverb, or noun. It cannot stand alone as a sentence.
A phrase is a group of words used as a sentence part. It does not have a subject and a verb. It can be a noun, adjective or adverb. We have studied the following phrases: prepositional, gerund, participial, and infinitive.
A compound sentence combines two or more independent clauses. Commas separate the clauses of a compound sentence. (A short sentence joined by andis sometimes combined without a comma.) Example: She talks and he listens. A semicolon can take the place of the conjunction and comma. Only clauses closely related in thought should be joined to make a compound sentence.
The conjunction should express the proper relationship between the clauses. Andjoins ideas of equal importance. Or joins clauses that express alternatives. Nor joins negative ideas together. But joins clauses that express contrasting ideas.
Instructions: Combine the following sentences using the appropriate co-ordinate conjunctions, and, but, or, nor.
1. Mother wanted to watch the movie. Dad wanted to see the wrestling.
2. You must remember your password. You cannot log on.
3. I wanted to walk across the river. The ice was too thin.
4. It was a warm, beautiful day. My desires matched the day perfectly.
5. You did not help you brother. He doesn’t expect you to help him.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. Mother wanted to watch the movie, but Dad wanted to see the wrestling.
2. You must remember your password, or you cannot log on.
3. I wanted to walk across the river, but the ice was too thin.
4. It was a warm, beautiful day, and my desires matched the day perfectly.
5. You did not help your brother, nor does he expect you to do so.

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog
http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2017/08/lesson-248-parts-of-sentence-compound.html